What are watery eyes?
Watery eyes, epiphora, or tearing, in which tears flow profusely down the face, often without a clear explanation. There is insufficient tear film drainage from the eye or eyes. Instead of tears flowing through the nasolacrimal system, they overflow onto the face. The surface in front of the eye needs tears to stay healthy and maintain a clear vision, but most tears are difficult to see. It is difficult or dangerous to drive.
Tears are usually released through the tear ducts and then evaporate. When you produce too many tears, they overwhelm your tear ducts and cause your eyes to fill with tears. Most of the time, watery eyes resolve without treatment, but this condition can sometimes turn into a chronic problem. See your doctor if you have chronic eyes, especially if you have other symptoms.
Epiphora can develop at any age, but it is more common in those younger than 12 months or older than 60 years. It affects one or both eyes. Watery eyes are usually treated effectively.
When should you call a doctor?
The cause of your dry eyes will determine the best treatment. You should see a doctor or ophthalmologist if you have excessive or chronic tearing and any of the following symptoms:
- Loss of vision or visual disturbances.
- Wounded or scratched eye
- Chemicals in your eye
- Discharge or bleeding from your eye
- A foreign object is caught in your eye on the inside of your eyelid
- Red, irritated, swollen, or sore eyes.
- Unexplained injuries around your eye
- Tenderness around the nose or sinuses.
- Eye problems along with severe headaches.
- Watery eyes that don’t get better on their own
Symptoms of watery eyes
Symptoms include watery eyes and excessive tearing.
- Decreased vision
- Pain or swelling around the eyes
- A feeling that there is something in the eye
- Persistent redness of the eye.
- Eye pain,
- Eye inflammation or infection.
- Runny nose,
- Visual disability,
- Swelling of the eye and
- The eye is red.
Causes of watery eyes
- It is common for extra temporary tears to occur when you experience strong emotions, laughter, coughing, vomiting, or yawning.
- Dry eye syndrome is the most common cause of watery eyes. Very dry eyes can give you extra tears. As your eyes receive proper lubrication, you will constantly produce abundant tears, which will continue the cycle.
- If you don’t have the proper balance of water, salt, and oil in your tears, your eyes will become very dry. The resulting irritation can cause an overproduction of tears that burst through the tear ducts.
Other common causes include:
- Weather conditions such as dusty, windy, cold and sunny weather
- Load in the eye
- Environmental factors such as bright light and smoke.
- Common cold, sinus problems, and allergies.
- Inflammation of the eyelid (blepharitis)
- The eyelid is outward (ectopic) or inward (entropal)
- Ingrown hair (trichiasis)
- Pink eyes (conjunctivitis) or other infections
- Blocked tear ducts
- Foreign objects, chemicals, or gases and liquids that can cause eye irritation
- Injuries such as cuts or scrapes to the eye
- Some prescription drugs
- Cancer treatments including chemotherapy and radiation.
Usually, watery eyes are temporary and resolve on their own when the cause resolves or your eyes heal. However, in some cases, the situation can continue.
Diagnosis of watery eyes
If a doctor cannot determine the cause of the water in the eyes, they can refer the patient to an ophthalmologist. The diagnosis of epiphora is very simple. The doctor will try to find out if it is caused by an ulcer, infection, entropion (inward eyelid), or ectopic (externally rotating eyelid).
In some cases, the patient may be referred to an ophthalmologist or ophthalmologist who will examine the eyes, possibly under anaesthesia. A tube can be inserted to find out if they are blocked in the narrow drainage channels inside the eye.
Fluid can be inserted into the tear duct to determine if it is leaking through the patient’s nose. If it is clogged, a colour can be injected to find the exact location of the obstacle; This is done using an X-ray image of the area. The colour shows up on the X-ray.
Treatment of watery eyes
Treatment depends on the cause and severity of the problem. In mild cases, doctors may simply recommend waiting carefully or doing nothing and monitoring the patient’s progress.
The various causes of watery eyes include specific treatment options:
- Irritation: If the watery eyes are caused by infectious conjunctivitis, the doctor may want to wait a week or more to see if the problem clears up without antibiotics.
- Trichomoniasis: A doctor removes inward-growing hair or foreign objects in the eye.
- Ectropion: The eyelid protrudes; the patient may need surgery to tighten the ligament that holds the outer eyelid in place.
- Blocked tear ducts: Surgery can create a new canal from the tear impingement to the inside of the nose. This makes it possible to avoid the blocked part of the tear duct. This surgical procedure is called a dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR).
If the drainage channels inside the eye or the canaliculi are narrow but not completely blocked, the doctor may use a tube to widen them. It may be necessary to operate when the drains are completely blocked.
Lacrimation of the eyes in children.
- In newborns, this condition usually resolves within a few weeks.
- Sometimes a sticky fluid can form around the baby’s eye or eyes. You can use a cotton ball soaked in clean water to clean your eyes.
- Clean water needs to be boiled, but the cotton is cooled before dipping.
- Tears can sometimes be removed by gently massaging the tear ducts. Apply light pressure with your index finger and thumb to the outside of your nose.
Home remedies for watery eyes
In some cases, watery eyes can be treated without consulting a doctor.
Here are some suggestions:
- Take a break from reading, watching TV, or using the computer
- Lubricate your eyes with eye drops, available to buy over the counter (OTC) or online.
- Place a warm, damp cloth over the eyes and massage the lids.