Overview of traumatic hyphema in children
Hyphema of the blood in the anterior (anterior) chamber of the eye. It is located between the light front part of the eye (cornea) and the coloured part of the eyes (iris). This section allows fluid to flow in and out. The fluid nourishes the eye and the tissues around it. Hyphema is the accumulation or accumulation of blood within the anterior chamber of the eye (the space between the cornea and the iris). Blood covers most or all of the iris and pupil, partially or completely obstructing vision.
Hyphema is usually painful. If left untreated, it can cause permanent vision problems.
Hyphema is usually caused by injury to the eye and increases intraocular pressure (pressure inside the eye). However, it can occur without warning in children with sickle cell anaemia or other medical conditions such as haemophilia.
Hyphema requires immediate medical attention. Wearing eye protection while playing sports is the best way to prevent hypothermia. Also, never take eye injuries lightly.
What are the symptoms of traumatic hyphema in children in children?
Symptoms include visible blood in the eye. This often happens after some type of eye injury.
The symptoms of blood in the eye include blurry vision. Have your child see his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis. Symptoms include:
- Blood that appears in front of the eye
- Sensitivity to light
- Blurred, cloudy, or blocked vision.
- Blood may not be visible if the hyphema is smaller
What causes traumatic hyphema in children?
Traumatic hyphema in children or blood in the eye is often caused by an injury to the eye. It can also happen without a known cause in children who don’t have other health issues.
- Abnormal blood vessels on the surface of the iris
- An eye infection caused by the herpes virus.
- Blood clotting problems include haemophilia and sickle cell anaemia.
- Intraocular lens problems (artificial lens implants)
- Eye cancer
How is hyphema diagnosed?
Your child’s healthcare provider will ask about your child’s health history. He or she will also give your child an eye exam. Blood is seen in the front part of the eye.
Your doctor will use one of the following methods to diagnose hypothermia:
- A comprehensive eye exam to test your ability
- Check eye pressure
- Examination of the inside of the eye with a special microscope called a slit lamp
- A CT scan may be ordered to check for an orbit (cavity) fracture if there is an injury to the eye
Treatment for traumatic hyphema in children
Blood in the eye or traumatic hyphema in children is an emergency. If you see blood in your child’s eye, get medical help right away.
Treatment will depend on your child’s symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is.
Most children with blood in the eye will be treated in an emergency room. An eye healthcare provider (ophthalmologist) may care for your child. Treatment may include:
A patch over the affected eye
No reading. This is to rest the eye.
Checking the pressure inside your child’s eye each day
Complications of traumatic hyphema in children
One of the most serious complications of hyphema is increased pressure in the eye. If the hyphema causes dangerous eye pressure, your doctor can work to remove the excess blood. Intake intraocular pressure is low in people with sickle cell anaemia.
The following problems may be caused by blood in the eye:
The injury may bleed again
Glaucoma. This is an increase in the pressure inside the eye. Children with glaucoma should be closely watched by their healthcare providers. This condition can cause vision loss or blindness if left untreated.
Long-term (permanent) vision loss
Damage to different structures in the eye