Overview of floaters or eye floaters
Floaters or eye floaters are dots or specks in a person’s vision that seem to float away when the person tries to look directly at them. They are made up of the vitreous of the eye, and in most cases, they are completely normal. The vitreous is the clear, gel-like substance that fills out most of the eye.
What are the symptoms of floaters?
They tend to dart away when you try to focus on them.
They come in many forms:
- Black or grey dots
- Intriguing lines
- Spider webs
What is the reason for them?
Most floaters are tiny blobs of a protein called collagen. They are part of a jelly-like substance found at the back of the eye.
As you age, the protein fibres that make up viruses shrink into smaller pieces. If you see a flash, it is because the vitreous is detaching from the retina. If these become new or dramatic or if you suddenly start to see lights, see your ophthalmologist as soon as possible.
These changes can occur at any age, but generally between the ages of 50 and 75. You may have them if you are nearsighted or have had cataract surgery.
This is rare, but floaters can also occur from:
- Eye disease
- Eye wound
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Crystalline deposits form in the vitreous
- Eye tumours
Serious eye disorders associated with floaters:
- Detached retina
- Torn retina
- Bleeding in your vitreous
- Swollen vitreous or retina caused by infections or autoimmune diseases
- Eye tumours
The visual acuity that accompanies a migraine is similar to that of afloat. This is what you see when you look at the side of a kaleidoscope. It can also move. This is different from the lightbulb “flashes” that come with other eye problems. It usually lasts a few minutes and focuses on both eyes. If you don’t have another episode, it will be completely fixed.
When to see a doctor
If you only have a few eye floaters that don’t change over time, don’t sweat it.
Go to the doctor ASAP if you notice:
- A sudden increase in the number of floaters.
- Flashes of Light
- Loss of side vision
- The changes happen quickly and get worse over time.
- Eye pain
Choose a doctor with experience in retinal problems. If you don’t get help right away, you will lose focus.
The benign ones do not require medical treatment.
If they bother you, try to get them out of your field of vision. Roll your eyes, this will make the liquid spin. Look up and down, they generally work the best side by side.
If you have so many that they block your vision, your eye doctor may suggest surgery called a vitrectomy. They’ll remove the vitreous and replace it with a salt solution.
You may have problems with:
- Detached retina
- Torn retina
The risk is low, but if these problems occur, they can permanently damage your vision.
3 ways to get rid of floaters
Treatment depends on the underlying cause. Some cases are harmless, but more serious cases can affect the health of your eyes. If floaters start to damage your vision, there are treatments available to underestimate or eliminate them.
Sometimes the best treatment is not at all. In many cases, the floaters will fade or disappear on their own. If they don’t deteriorate, sometimes your brain learns to ignore them. As a result, your vision begins to adapt. You won’t notice them much anymore.
Dealing with floaters is the least invasive option to protect your eyes. If it’s become a nuisance or damages your vision, discuss your options with your ophthalmologist.
Vitrectomy is an invasive surgery that can remove floaters from your line of sight. During this procedure, your eye doctor will remove the vitreous through a small incision. The virus is a transparent gel-like substance that maintains the shape of round eyes.
As your body produces more vitreous, it will eventually replace this new solution.
Although effective, vitrectomy may not always eliminate floaters. If this procedure causes bleeding or injury, it may still come back. This surgery is used for the severe symptoms of floaters.
Laser therapy involves aiming lasers at eye floaters. This can cause them to break down and reduce their presence. If the lasers are pointed incorrectly, it is likely to cause damage to the retina.
This procedure is not the preferred treatment method as it is still experimental. Although it is considered an effective treatment in some cases, some people have not noticed any improvement. This can make floaters worse in some cases. Discuss your options with your doctor before following this method.