What Is Obesity? Endocrinology


Overview of obesity

Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity isn’t just a cosmetic concern. It is a medical problem that increases your risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers.

There are many reasons why some people have difficulty avoiding obesity. Usually, obesity results from a combination of inherited factors, combined with the environment and personal diet and exercise choices.

The good news is that even modest weight loss can improve or prevent the health problems associated with obesity. Dietary changes, increased physical activity and behaviour changes can help you lose weight. Prescription medications and weight-loss procedures are additional options for treating obesity.

Obesity causes

Although there are genetic, behavioural, metabolic and hormonal influences on body weight, obesity occurs when you take in more calories than you burn through exercise and normal daily activities. Your body stores these excess calories as fat.

What and how to eat

Eating unhealthy food and overeating is easy in our current culture. Many things like emotions, habits, and food intake can affect eating behaviour.

How active are you?

Modern conveniences, such as remote controls for elevators, cars, and televisions, reduce the functionality of our lives. Being active helps you stay healthy. When you are healthy, you burn more calories even when you are resting.

Your genetic makeup.

Your genetic makeup can have a big impact on your weight. It affects:

  • The rate at which your body uses its energy (calories) at rest is called the basal metabolic rate. Some are born with a higher basic metabolic rate than others. Naturally, they burn more calories than other people.
  • Regular physical activity increases your metabolic rate.
  •  A lower metabolic rate makes weight gain easier because it doesn’t burn calories faster.
  • Your body indicates hunger and feeling of hunger or satiety.
  • Distribute your fat. You cannot change where your body stores fat. Generally, men store fat in the abdomen, while women store more in the hips and thighs.

Medications or health problems

Certain conditions and medications can also cause weight gain. Examples include having Cushing’s syndrome or hypothyroidism and taking certain antidepressants or corticosteroids.

What are the symptoms of obesity?

Being a little overweight may not cause the most noticeable problems.

  • Less shy
  • Increased sweating
  • Snoring
  • Inability to cope with sudden physical exertion
  • Back and joint pain
  • Less confidence and less self-esteem.

Type 2 diabetes is another chronic problem. It is estimated that less than half of all diabetes cases are associated with obesity. The main symptoms of diabetes are:

  • Thirsty
  • Frequent bathroom, especially at night.
  • Severe fatigue

Obesity risk factors

Family inheritance and influences

The genes you inherit from your parents may affect the amount of body fat you store, and where that fat is distributed. Genetics may also play a role in how efficiently your body converts food into energy, how your body regulates your appetite and how your body burns calories during exercise.

Obesity tends to run in families. That’s not just because of the genes they share. Family members also tend to share similar eating and activity habits.

Lifestyle choices

Unhealthy diet. Lack of high calories, fruits and vegetables, fast food, and high-calorie drinks, and a diet full of heavy components all contribute to weight gain.

Liquid calories. People can drink a lot of calories without feeling full, especially those from alcohol. Other high-calorie beverages, such as sugary sodas, can contribute to significant weight gain.

Inactivity. If you have a sedentary lifestyle, you can easily take in more calories every day than you burn through exercise and routine daily activities. Looking at computer, tablet and phone screens is a sedentary activity. The number of hours you spend in front of a screen is highly associated with weight gain.

Prevention of obesity

Whether you’re at risk of obesity, currently overweight or at a healthy weight, you can take steps to prevent unhealthy weight gain and related health problems. Not surprisingly, the steps to prevent weight gain are the same as the steps to lose weight: daily exercise, a healthy diet, and a long-term commitment to watch what you eat and drink.

Regular exercise. You should get 150 to 300 minutes of moderate-intensity activity per week to avoid weight gain. Moderate to vigorous physical activity includes brisk walking and swimming.

Follow a healthy eating plan. Focus on low-calorie, nutrient-dense foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Avoid saturated fat and limit sweets and alcohol. Eat three regular meals a day with a limited breakfast. You are still rarely able to enjoy low-fat, high-calorie foods. Choose a diet that promotes a healthy weight and good health most of the time.

Identify the conditions that trigger an uncontrolled diet. Try to keep a journal and write down what you ate, how much you ate, when you ate, how you felt, and how hungry you were. After a while, you should see the patterns emerge. Check your weight regularly. People who weigh themselves once a week are more successful at keeping the extra pounds. Monitoring your weight can tell you if your efforts are working and can help you spot small weight gains before they become big problems.

Be consistent. Sticking to your healthy weight plan as much as possible during the week, on weekends, and between vacations and vacations increases your chances of long-term success.

Obesity diagnosis

To diagnose obesity, your doctor will typically perform a physical exam and recommend some tests.

These obesity tests and exams include:

  • Taking your medical history. eating habits and appetite control, any other conditions you may have, medications, stress levels, and other problems related to your health. Your doctor can also review your family health history to see if you are prone to certain conditions.
  • Routine physical exam. Measure your height, checking for important signals like heart rate, blood pressure, and temperature, listen to your heart and lungs and examining your abdomen.
  • Calculating your BMI. Your doctor will monitor your body mass index (BMI). A BMI of 30 or more is considered obsolete. Numbers over 30 increase your health risks. Your BMI should be checked at least once a year because it can help identify your overall health risks and what treatments may be appropriate.
  • Measuring your waist circumference. Fat stored around your waist, sometimes called visceral fat or abdominal fat, may further increase your risk of heart disease and diabetes. Women with a waist measurement (circumference) of more than 35 inches (89 centimetres, or cm) and men with a waist measurement of more than 40 inches (102 cm) may have more health risks than do people with smaller waist measurements. Like the BMI measurement, your waist circumference should be checked at least once a year.
  • Checking for other health problems. If you know of any health problems, your doctor will evaluate them. Your doctor will also look for other health problems like high blood pressure and diabetes. Your doctor may also recommend some heart tests, such as an EKG.

Treatment for obesity

The goal of obesity treatment for obstetric dementia is to achieve and maintain a healthy weight. It improves your overall health and reduces the risk of developing esophageal problems. You will need to work with a team of health professionals, including a dietitian, behavioural counsellor, or esophagus specialist, to help you understand and make changes to your eating and activity habits.

The goal of initial treatment is usually moderate weight loss – 5% to 10% of your total weight. This means that if you weigh 200 pounds (91 kg) and are behind according to BMI standards, you will only have to lose 10 to 20 pounds (4.5 to 9 kg) to improve your health.

All weight-loss programs require changes in your eating habits and increased physical activity. The treatment methods that are right for you depend on your obesity severity, your overall health and your willingness to participate in your weight-loss plan.

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