Overview of Endocrinologist | Endocrinology


What is an endocrinologist?

An endocrinologist is a doctor who specializes in the glands and the hormones they produce. They deal with metabolism or all the biochemical processes that make up your body, including how your body converts food into energy and how it grows.

It is related to the expansion, growth, and differentiation of developmental events and metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sleep, digestion, respiration, excretion, mood, stress, breastfeeding, mental or behavioral movement, and reproduction. Activities. And hormone-induced sensory perception. Specialties in Behavioral Endocrinology and Comparative Endocrinology.

The endocrine system contains many glands in different parts of the body that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream rather than the vascular system. Therefore, endocrine glands are considered ductless glands. Hormones have many different functions and modes of action; A hormone has many effects on different target organs and, conversely, the target organ is affected by more than one hormone.

Endocrinology is the study of medicine for the endocrine system, a system that regulates hormones. Endocrinologists are specially trained doctors who diagnose glandular diseases. Because these doctors specialize in these conditions, it can be complex and invasive.

The endocrinologist is your best advocate when it comes to hard-to-detect symptoms and hormonal problems.

Most patients begin their journey to the endocrinologist with a visit to their GP. This doctor will run a series of tests to find out what potential problems the patient is facing. If a problem with hormones is suspected, the primary care physician will provide a referral. The goal of the endocrinologist is to restore hormonal balance in the body.

What do endocrinologists do?

They cover a large amount of ground, diagnosing and treating conditions that affect you:

  • Diabetes mellitus type 1 and type 2
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Goiter

Other diseases that an endocrinologist treats include:

  • Polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD)
  • Addison’s disease (deficiency of hormones of adrenal glands)
  • Cushing’s syndrome (excessive production of the hormone cortisol which leads to weight gain and puffy face)
  • Gigantism (a child whose bones and body parts grow abnormally fast)
  • Dwarfism (abnormally short stature)
  • Infertility
  • Certain cancers of the endocrine glands


The treatments used in endocrinology are as far-reaching as the diseases involved. Most disorders can be treated with hormone replacement therapies (HRT) that use oral or injected medications to overcome diagnostic deficiencies. In all of them:

  • Glucocorticoid tablets can replace hormones in people with dysfunctional adrenal or pituitary glands.
  • Growth hormone therapy with injections of growth hormone (GH) is sometimes used to treat growth disorders in children and GH disorders in adults.
  • Hormonal contraceptives can be used to treat PMS, PCOs, and endometriosis or to prevent postmenopausal osteoporosis.
  • Insulin and other diabetes medications can help normalize blood sugar in people with diabetes.
  • Testosterone replacement with injections, patches, tablets, and gels can be used in men or women with low levels of testosterone (hypogonadism).
  • Thyroid replacement medications, including syntroid (levothyroxine) and cytomegalovirus (leothyronine), can be used to restore thyroid function in people with hypothyroidism.

When to see an endocrinologist for diabetes

Your GP can treat diabetes, but when you are referred to an endocrinologist:

  • You are new to diabetes and need to learn how to control it
  • They do not have a lot of experience in treating diabetes
  • You take too many injections or use an insulin pump
  • Your diabetes has become more difficult to control or your treatment is not working
  • You have diabetes problems

You can always ask to see an endocrinologist, even if your doctor did not prescribe it for you at first. When you see one, you should also visit your primary care doctor. They work together.

What do endocrinologists do?

Endocrinologists are trained to diagnose and treat hormonal imbalances and problems by helping to revive the traditional balance of hormones within the body. Common diseases and disorders of the system treated by endocrinologists DM and thyroid disorders

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